Welcome to Tour of Oman 2016

Tour of Oman 2017 starts from
February 14, 2017 and ends on February 19, 2017.

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Education
Attack

Is a sudden acceleration by a rider in an attempt to break free of the main group of riders (known as a peloton). On flat roads it is usually done by riding up along the side of the pack so that by the time the attacker passes the peloton>s front rider he is traveling too fast for the pack to easily react. During the stage in the Jebel (stage 5 in 2012) an experienced mountain rider will probably be able to accelerate from the front.

Autobus

Is a French term for when riders with poor climbing skills ride together in the hope that they finish in time to beat the stage cutoff time. By staying together in a group they hope that, if they miss the cut off time, they will be able to persuade the officials to let them stay in the race because so many riders would otherwise be eliminated. It doesn't always work. Often the group lets a particular experienced racer who knows how to pace the Autobus lead them in order to just get in under the time limit. This risky strategy minimises the energy the riders have to expend.

Bonification

There are two types of time bonus (actually time subtracted) awarded during each stage of the Tour of Oman. These are done by winning or achieving a top placing during the stage or winning or achieving 2nd or 3rd place in an intermediate sprints. There are two intermediate sprints marked on each of the six routes outlined for 2012.

Bonk

Is the term for a cyclists who has completely run out of energy. Even with experience riders, this can happen if he forgets to eat or simply thinks he has enough food to make it to the finish without stopping to get food. If he gets it wrong, the rider simply runs out of energy to keep going. Often known as 'hitting the wall'.

Breakaway (also know as Break)

During each stage it will be common for one or more riders to escape from the front of peloton, usually as the result of a sudden acceleration called an «attack». These riders will work together to sharing the effort of breaking the wind in order to improve their chances of winning by arriving at the finish in a smaller group. This is a strategy that is often used by cyclists who do not possess the necessary speed to contest mass sprints and so they therefore try hard to escape the peloton well before the end of the race. A breakway is also formed by riders who are seeking to gain from the two intermediate bonus sprint points on each stage, which also go towards the aggressive ranking (red and white mix jersey).

Bridge

Short for "bridge a gap" and is the term for the peloton closing down the cyclists who have managed to break out of the main pack.

Cadence

The speed at which the rider turns the pedals.

Caravan

The long line of press, team and support vehicles that follow the racers.

DNF

Did not finish. This will be used in the results to denote a racer started but did not complete the race.

DNS

Did not start. Used in results to denote a racer who was entered in a race but failed to start. Often seen in results in stage races where the rider abandons after the completion of a stage.

Drafting

At racing speed a rider who is only a few inches behind another bike does about 30 percent less work. Riding behind another rider in his aerodynamic slipstream is called drafting. This is why a rider will not just leave the peloton and ride away from the others, no matter how strong he is. Only in the rarest of cases can a racer escape a determined chasing peloton. To make an escape work he needs the pack to be disinterested for a long enough period of time so that he can gain a large enough time gap.

Drop

When a rider cannot keep up with his fellow riders and comes out of their aerodynamic slipsteam, whether in a break or in the peloton, he is said to be dropped.

Echelon

When the riders are hit with a side wind they must ride slightly to the right or left of the rider in front in order to remain in that rider>s slipstream, instead of riding nose to tail in a straight line. This staggered line puts those riders further back in the pace line in the gutter. Because they can>t edge further to the side, they have to take more of the brunt of both the wind and the wind drag of their forward motion. Good riders then form a series of echelons so that all the racers can contribute and receive shelter.

Escape

When used as a noun it is a breakaway. When used as a verb it is the act of breaking away.

Ètape

French for stage.

Feed zone

This is a marked point on a race route where the riders pick up food and drink.

Flyer

Usually a solo breakaway near the end of a race.

General Classification (GC)

The ranking of the accumulated time or placings, whichever basis the race uses to determine its winner. The winner of the GC jersey in the Tour of Oman picks up the Red Jersey.

Glass cranking

A rider who is trying to look like he is working very hard but is in fact taking it easy is said to be glass cranking. Often a rider in a break who wants to save his energy for later attacks will try to glass crank to keep from angering his fellow breakaway riders.

Green Jersey

The green jersey is won by the winner of the Points competition.

Hilltop finish

The finish of stage five of the 2012 Tour of Oman will be at the top of Jebel Akhdar and will mean that the rider with the greater climbing skills has the advantage.

Hook

To extend an elbow or thigh in the way of another rider, usually during a sprint, to impede his progress while he is attempting to pass. Often it is said that a rider «threw a hook». Means the same thing.

Intermediate sprint

To keep the race active there will be two points within each stage where the riders will sprint for time bonuses.

Jump

A rider with the ability to quickly accelerate his bike is said to have a good "jump".

Massed Start Road Race

All the riders of the Tour of Oman start at the same time. This is different from time trials (e.g. at the World Championships) where the riders set off individually at specific time intervals.

Mechanical

A problem with the function of a racer's bicycle, usually not a flat tire.

Musette

A cloth bag containing food and drinks handed up to the rider in the feed zone. It has a long strap so the rider can slip his arm through it easily on the fly, then put the strap over his shoulder to carry it while he transfers the food to his jersey pockets.

Off the back

To be dropped off the back of the peloton, usually because the rider is unable to keep up.

Paceline

Riders riding nose to tail saving energy by riding in each others slipstream are termed as riding Paceline. Usually the front rider does the hard work for a short while, breaking the wind for the others, and then peels off to go to the back so that another rider can take a short stint at the front and rest by 'drafting'. The faster the riders go the greater the energy saving gained by riding in the slipstream of the rider in front. When the group wants to move fast the front man will take a short stint at the front before dropping off (also known as a 'pull'). When there is not so much urgency to move fast, the time at the front is usually longer. See echelon.

Peloton

The main group of riders traveling together in a race. Breaks leave the front of it, dropped riders exit its rear. Other synonyms: bunch, group, field, pack.

Piano

Italian for soft. It can mean slow or easy when riding. The Giro often has «piano» stages where the riders intentionally take it easy until the final kilometers leading up to the sprint.

Podium

The top three places, first, second and third. Many racers know that they cannot win a race and thus their ambition is limited to getting on the podium. In major races such as the Tour and the Giro, attaining the podium is such a high accomplishment that it almost makes a racer's career.

Points

The usual meaning is the accumulation of placings in each stage. Today the Tour gives more points to the flatter stages so the the winner of the points competition is a more likely to be sprinter. See General Classification. In the Tour the Points leader wears a green jersey, in the Giro he dons a purple jersey.

Relegate

Italian and English (pronounced differently, of course) for a judge's decision to assign a lower place to a rider after a rule infraction. Sprinters who fail to hold their line in the final meters and endanger the other racers are generally given the last place of their group.

Sitting On

A rider who drafts others and refuses to go to the front and do his share of the work is said to be «sitting on.» (An informal, derogatory term is also «wheelsucker»).

Sprint

The end of each race gets faster and faster as the peloton nears the finish line. Teams with very fine sprinting specialists will employ a «lead-out train» and with about 5 kilometers to go, these teams will try to take control of the race by going to the front and stepping up the speed of the race in order to discourage last-minute flyers. It is possible to find 2 or 3 competing teams set up parallel pace lines. Usually the team>s train will be a pace line organised in ascending speed of the riders. As the team>s riders take a pull and peel off the next remaining rider will be a quicker rider who can keep increasing the speed. Usually the last man before the team>s designated sprinter is also an impressive sprinter who will give way at the last possible moment to ensure team victory.

Switchback

In order to reduce the gradient of a mountain ascent the road has been designed to traverse back and forth up the hill. The Bousher – Al Amerat road is an excellent example of a switchback.

Team General Classification

The team general classification is established by adding together the three best individual times from each team in each stage ridden.

Technical

A term for a road which will challenge a biker's handling skills, usually refers to a difficult mountain descent or time trial course with tight bends.

Tempo

Means the riders are going fast, but not all-out pace. Teams defending a leader in a long distance stage race (like the Tour de France) will often go to the front of the peloton and ride tempo for days on end in order to discourage breakaways.

Time Limit

To encourage vigorous riding, most Tours impose a cutoff time limit to prevent a racer resting by riding leisurely one day to enable them winning the next.. For the 2012 Tour of Oman, there is a finishing deadline that will be increased by 10% in relation to the winner's time. For the 5th stage (the Royal Opera House in Muscat to Jabal Al Akhdhar), the rule concerning the 3 last kilometres will not be applied. The Stewards' Committee may Settle any exceptional situations after consultation with the race management.

Tour of Oman

Is rated as an HC (Hors Class) on the UCI Asia Tour. It is reserved for riders in the Elite Men's category and sixteen teams will compete in the 2012 Tour of Oman.

UCI

The governing world body of cycling is known as the Union Cycliste Internationale (International Cycling Union). Oman is registered with the UCI through the Oman Cycling Federation.